ADHD Symptoms and Treatment

ADHD [Attention deficit hyperactive disorder] is a disease that is more prevalent now a day worldwide. So far the Scientists have not yet identified the cause for all the different patterns of behavior.

Someday scientists may find that ADHD is actually a single term for several slightly different disorders.At present ADHD is a diagnosis applied to children and adults who consistently display certain characteristic behaviors over a period of time.

The most common behaviors fall into three categories. They are inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. inattention-People who are inattentive have a difficult time to keep their mind on any one thing and may get bored with it in a short time.

They give effortless, automatic attention to activities and things that they enjoy. But focusing deliberate and conscious attention in organizing and completing a work and learning something different and new is very difficult for them.

Hyperactivity - People who are hyperactive always seem to be in motion. They cannot sit quite for some time. They tend to move around or talk incessantly. Sitting patiently through a lesson can be an impossible task for them.

Hyperactive children squirm in their seat or they roam around the room. They may wiggle their feet, touch everything or noisily tap their pencil. Hyperactive teens and adults generally feel intensely restless. They may be fidgety.

They may try to do several things at once, moving around from one activity to the next. Impulsivity- People who are overly impulsive are unable to curb their immediate reactions or think before they act. As a result he/she may give out inappropriate comments.

They may sometimes run into the street without looking around. Their impulsivity may make it difficult for them to wait for things they want or to take their turn in games. They may grab a toy from another child and hit it when they are upset.

At the beginning of ADHD treatment the pediatrician should set target outcomes or goals for the child's behavior. These goals will help in guiding the treatment plan.

The child's target outcomes should focus on helping him/her function possible at home, at school and in the community. The following are few examples of target outcomes.

They are Improved relationships with parents, siblings, teachers and friends Better schoolwork, More independence in self-care or homework, Improved self-esteem, Fewer disruptive behaviors, Safer behavior in the community e.g. when crossing streets.

The target outcomes should be Realistic i.e. something the child should be able to do and behaviors that we can observe and measure .the child's treatment plan should be set in such a way to help the child achieve these goals.


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Treating ADHD Safely